Ecogeography and utility to plant breeding of the crop wild relatives of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)

Michael B. Kantar, Chrystian C. Sosa, Colin K. Khoury, Nora P. Castañeda-Álvarez, Harold A. Achicanoy, Vivian Bernau, Nolan C. Kane, Laura Marek, Gerald Seiler, Loren H. Rieseberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Crop wild relatives (CWR) are a rich source of genetic diversity for crop improvement. Combining ecogeographic and phylogenetic techniques can inform both conservation and breeding. Geographic occurrence, bioclimatic, and biophysical data were used to predict species distributions, range overlap and niche occupancy in 36 taxa closely related to sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Taxa lacking comprehensive ex situ conservation were identified. The predicted distributions for 36 Helianthus taxa identified substantial range overlap, range asymmetry and niche conservatism. Specific taxa (e.g., Helianthus deblis Nutt., Helianthus anomalus Blake, and Helianthus divaricatus L.) were identified as targets for traits of interest, particularly for abiotic stress tolerance, and adaptation to extreme soil properties. The combination of techniques demonstrates the potential for publicly available ecogeographic and phylogenetic data to facilitate the identification of possible sources of abiotic stress traits for plant breeding programs. Much of the primary genepool (wild H. annuus) occurs in extreme environments indicating that introgression of targeted traits may be relatively straightforward. Sister taxa in Helianthus have greater range overlap than more distantly related taxa within the genus. This adds to a growing body of literature suggesting that in plants (unlike some animal groups), geographic isolation may not be necessary for speciation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number841
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
Volume6
Issue numberOCTOBER
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 8 2015

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Conservation
  • Crop wild relatives
  • Ecological niche modeling
  • Plant breeding
  • Plant genetic resources
  • Publicly available data sources

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Ecogeography and utility to plant breeding of the crop wild relatives of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this