Eating disorder not otherwise specified presentation in the US population

Daniel Le Grange, Sonja A. Swanson, Scott J. Crow, Kathleen R. Merikangas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To examine prevalence and clinical correlates of eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) in the US population. Method: Two cross-sectional surveys of adults and adolescents used the WHO CIDI to assess DSM-IV criteria for anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and EDNOS. Results: Lifetime prevalence of EDNOS was 4.78% in adolescents and 4.64% in adults. The majority of adolescents and adults with an eating disorder presented with EDNOS. Three-quarters of participants with EDNOS met criteria for comorbid disorders, while one-quarter endorsed suicidality. Severity correlates were equally prevalent in EDNOS and AN, whereas comparisons between EDNOS and BN varied by specific correlate and sample. Adolescents with subthreshold AN (SAN) endorsed more anxiety than AN ( p < .05), and adolescents and adults with SAN endorsed more suicidal plans than AN (p's < .05). Discussion: Findings increase our understanding of the clinical relevance of EDNOS. Eating disorder diagnostic nomenclature requires modification to capture the full spectrum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-718
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

Keywords

  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Bulimia nervosa
  • Classification
  • DSM
  • EDNOS
  • EDNOS-subtypes

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