Early retreat of the Alaska Peninsula Glacier Complex and the implications for coastal migrations of First Americans

Nicole Misarti, Bruce P. Finney, James W. Jordan, Herbert D.G. Maschner, Jason A. Addison, Mark D. Shapley, Andrea Krumhardt, James E. Beget

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

The debate over a coastal migration route for the First Americans revolves around two major points: seafaring technology, and a viable landscape and resource base. Three lake cores from Sanak Island in the western Gulf of Alaska yield the first radiocarbon ages from the continental shelf of the Northeast Pacific and record deglaciation nearly 17. ka BP (thousands of calendar years ago), much earlier than previous estimates based on extrapolated data from other sites outside the coastal corridor in the Gulf of Alaska. Pollen data suggest an arid, terrestrial ecosystem by 16.3. ka BP. Therefore glaciers would not have hindered the movement of humans along the southern edge of the Bering Land Bridge for two millennia before the first well-recognized " New World" archaeological sites were inhabited.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalQuaternary Science Reviews
Volume48
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 10 2012

Keywords

  • Coastal migration
  • Deglaciation
  • First Americans

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