Objectives: Geometric ring annuloplasty has shown promise during bicuspid aortic valve repair for aortic insufficiency. This study examined early outcomes of bicuspid aortic valve repair associated with proximal aortic aneurysm replacement.
Methods: From September 2017 to November, 2021, 127 patients underwent bicuspid aortic valve repair with concomitant proximal aneurysm reconstruction. Patient age was 50.6 ± 12.7 years (mean ± standard deviation), male gender was 83%, New York Heart Association Class was 2 (1-2) (median [interquartile range]), and preoperative aortic insufficiency grade was 3 (2-4). Ascending aortic diameter was 50 (46-54) mm, and all patients had ascending aortic replacement. Forty patients had sinus diameters greater than 45 mm, prompting remodeling root procedures. A total of 105 patients had Sievers type 1 valves, 3 patients had type 0, and 7 patients had type 2. A total of 118 patients had primarily right/left fusion, 8 patients had right/nonfusion, and 1 patient had left/nonfusion. Leaflet reconstruction used central leaflet plication and cleft closure, with limited ultrasonic decalcification in 31 patients.
Results: Ring size was 23 (21-23) mm, and 26 of 40 root procedures were selective nonfused sinus replacements. Aortic clamp time was 139 (112-170) minutes, and bypass time was 178 (138-217) minutes. Postrepair aortic insufficiency grade was 0 (0-0) ( P < .0001), and mean valve gradient was 10 (7-14) mm Hg. No early and 1 late mortality occurred. Four patients required reoperation for bleeding, and 4 patients required pacemakers. At a mean follow-up of 20 months (maximal 93), there were no valve-related complications, 5 late repair failures prompting valve replacement, and 1 death due to Coronavirus Disease 2019.
Conclusions: Geometric ring annuloplasty for bicuspid aortic valve repair with proximal aortic aneurysm reconstruction is safe and associated with good early outcomes. Further experience and follow-up will help inform long-term durability.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This was an investigator-initiated study of the first significant application of geometric ring annuloplasty to repair of BAVs during proximal aortic aneurysm resection. No commercial funding was used for generation of this article. Institutional Review Board or Ethics Committee approval was obtained at each institution, as well as an overall waiver of informed consent for retrospective analysis of de-identified clinical data from the WCG Institutional Review Board (Puyallup, Wash). After Institutional Review Board approval, the data were recorded by the surgeons and independent research personnel at each center, and the de-identified data were collated for descriptive analysis.
© 2022 The Authors
- aortic aneurysm repair
- aortic insufficiency
- bicuspid valve repair
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article