The selectin family of adhesion molecules is composed of the L-, E-, and P-selectins, which promote leukocyte rolling during inflammation. Although E-selectin supports neutrophil and lymphocyte rolling, its ability to mediate eosinophil rolling under conditions of flow in vitro and in vivo has not been determined. Using function-blocking mAbs raised against rabbit E-selectin, we have determined whether E-selectin supports human eosinophil rolling in comparison to human neutrophil rolling in IL-1-stimulated rabbit mesenteric venules utilizing intravital microscopy. Anti-rabbit E-selectin mAbs 8B9 and 8G9 were found to inhibit neutrophil rolling but had no significant effect on eosinophil rolling. Likewise, mAb 8B9 F(ab′)2 fragments were found to block neutrophil rolling, but did not significantly alter the flux of rolling eosinophils. Isotype-matched Abs and a nonblocking anti-rabbit E-selectin mAb 2A5 failed to inhibit both neutrophil and eosinophil rolling on venular endothelium. In support of these in vivo observations, significant numbers of human neutrophils but not eosinophils were found to avidly roll on monolayers of E-selectin transfectants under physiologic condition of flow in vitro. Under subphysiologic conditions of shear (0.17-0.5 dyn/cm2), eosinophils rolled on E-selectin, albeit in lower numbers (three- to sevenfold) compared with neutrophils. In addition, the rolling velocity of eosinophils was significantly higher compared with neutrophils on E-selectin transfectants. These studies suggest that at physiologic shear rates, E-selectin is likely to function as a major vascular adhesion receptor in mediating neutrophil but not eosinophil rolling in inflamed postcapillary venules.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Nov 15 1996|