Lauren Schrock, Tao Xie, Brandon R. Barton

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Dystonia is the third most common movement disorder (behind Parkinson disease and essential tremor), it remains one of the more difficult neurological disorders to diagnose. Due to the wide variability of phenotypic expression (since dystonia may involve any voluntary muscle), its dynamic nature, physician unfamiliarity, and the fact the diagnosis remains a purely clinical one, dystonia is frequently misdiagnosed or not recognized. Expert evaluation is often necessary for definitive diagnosis and management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNon-Parkinsonian Movement Disorders
PublisherWiley Blackwell
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781118474075
ISBN (Print)9781118473924
StatePublished - Dec 27 2016


  • Dystonia
  • Focal dystonia
  • Generalized dystonia
  • Torticollis


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