Dynamin-related protein-1 controls fusion pore dynamics during platelet granule exocytosis

Secil Koseoglu, James R. Dilks, Christian G. Peters, Jennifer L. Fitch-Tewfik, Nathalie A. Fadel, Reema Jasuja, Joseph E. Italiano, Christy L. Haynes, Robert Flaumenhaft

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective-Platelet granule exocytosis serves a central role in hemostasis and thrombosis. Recently, single-cell amperometry has shown that platelet membrane fusion during granule exocytosis results in the formation of a fusion pore that subsequently expands to enable the extrusion of granule contents. However, the molecular mechanisms that control platelet fusion pore expansion and collapse are not known. Methods and Results-We identified dynamin-related protein-1 (Drp1) in platelets and found that an inhibitor of Drp1, mdivi-1, blocked exocytosis of both platelet dense and α-granules. We used single-cell amperometry to monitor serotonin release from individual dense granules and, thereby, measured the effect of Drp1 inhibition on fusion pore dynamics. Inhibition of Drp1 increased spike width and decreased prespike foot events, indicating that Drp1 influences fusion pore formation and expansion. Platelet-mediated thrombus formation in vivo after laser-induced injury of mouse cremaster arterioles was impaired after infusion of mdivi-1. Conclusion-These results demonstrate that inhibition of Drp1 disrupts platelet fusion pore dynamics and indicate that Drp1 can be targeted to control thrombus formation in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)481-488
Number of pages8
JournalArteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013

Keywords

  • dynamin-related protein-1
  • exocytosis
  • fusion pore
  • platelets
  • thrombosis

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    Koseoglu, S., Dilks, J. R., Peters, C. G., Fitch-Tewfik, J. L., Fadel, N. A., Jasuja, R., Italiano, J. E., Haynes, C. L., & Flaumenhaft, R. (2013). Dynamin-related protein-1 controls fusion pore dynamics during platelet granule exocytosis. Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology, 33(3), 481-488. https://doi.org/10.1161/ATVBAHA.112.255737