The soybean cyst nematode (SCN), Heterodera glycines, is the most damaging pathogen of soybean. Use of resistant cultivars is an effective strategy to manage SCN, but it also selects for virulent populations over time. A 12-year field experiment was initiated in 2003 to study how tillage and 11 different sequences of four cultivars impact SCN population dynamics and virulence. An SCN-susceptible cultivar and three resistant cultivars (R1, R2, and R3 derived from cultivars PI 88788, Peking, and PI 437654, respectively) were used. Tillage had minimal effect on SCN population density. Compared with no till, conventional tillage resulted in a faster increase of SCN virulence to Peking when the SCN was selected by R2 and virulence to PI 88788 by R3. Among the three SCN-resistant cultivars, R1 supported the greatest population density, R2 supported intermediate population density, and R3 supported the least SCN population density. The SCN populations selected by R1 overcame the resistance in PI 88788 but not in Peking and PI 437654. R2 selected SCN populations that overcame the resistance in Peking but not in PI 88788 and PI 437654. In contrast, R3 selected SCN populations that overcame both PI 88788 and Peking sources of resistance. There was no increase of virulence to PI 437654 in any cultivar sequence. R1 in rotation with R2 or R3 had a negative effect on female index on Peking. Susceptible soybean reduced SCN virulence to Peking, indicating that there was fitness cost of the Peking virulent SCN type. These results suggest that rotation of Peking with PI 88788 is a good strategy for managing the SCN, and susceptible cultivar and no till may reduce SCN virulence selection pressure in some rotations.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by Minnesota Soybean Producers checkoff funding through the Minnesota Soybean Research and Promotion Council and the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station.
Funding: This research was supported by Minnesota Soybean Producers checkoff funding through the Minnesota Soybean Research and Promotion Council and the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station.
Copyright © 2020 The Author(s).
- HG type
- Heterodera glycines
- Host-parasite relationship
- Soybean cyst nematode
- Virulence phenotype
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article