Dynamics of interacting particle systems: Modeling implications of the repulsive interactions and experiments on magnetic prototypes

Weijian Jiao, Stefano Gonella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this work, we investigate the dynamics of interacting particle systems subjected to repulsive forces, such as lattices of magnetized particles. To this end, we first develop a general model capable of capturing the complete dynamical behavior of interacting particle systems governed by arbitrary potentials. The model elucidates the important role played by the static repulsive forces exchanged between particles in the initial equilibrium configuration, which is distilled and mathematically captured by a dedicated component of the stiffness matrix. The implications of the model are then examined through the simple illustrative example of a magnetic particle oscillator, by which we show that the effect associated with the initial static forces is germane to two-or higher-dimensional particle systems and vanishes for one-dimensional (1D) chains. In the context of wave propagation, we show that this type of effect manifests as modal-selective corrections of the dispersion relation of 2D repulsive lattices. To corroborate these findings, we perform laser vibrometry experiments on a lattice prototype consisting of a triangular grid of magnets supported by an elastic foundation of thin pillars. The tests unequivocally confirm the emergence of distinctive dispersive regimes in quantitative accordance to the model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number054304
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume102
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by the National Science Foundation (CAREER Award No. CMMI-1452488). The authors are indebted to L. Yu for her help with the specimen assembly and to J. Labuz, X. Wang, and C. Hu for sharing their invaluable expertise with the force testing apparatus.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Physical Society.

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