Dynamics of an Enzymatic Substitution Reaction in Haloalkane Dehalogenase

Kwangho Nam, Xavier Prat-Resina, Mireia Garcia-Viloca, Lakshmi S. Devi-Kesavan, Jiali Gao

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56 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reactive flux molecular dynamics simulations have been carried out using a combined QM/MM potential to study the dynamics of the nucleophilic substitution reaction of dichloroethane by a carboxylate group in haloalkane dehalogenase and in water. We found that protein dynamics accelerates the reaction rate by a factor of 2 over the uncatalyzed reaction. Compared to the thermodynamic effect in barrier reduction, protein dynamic contribution is relatively small. However, analyses of the friction kernel reveal that the origins of the reaction dynamics in water and in the enzyme are different. In aqueous solution, there is significant electrostatic solvation effect, which is reflected by the slow reorganization relaxation of the solvent. On the other hand, there is no strong electrostatic coupling in the enzyme and the major effect on reaction coordinate motion is intramolecular energy relaxation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1369-1376
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume126
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 11 2004

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