Dynamic Strength of Copper at High Pressures Using Pressure Shear Plate Experiments

Suraj Ravindran, Vatsa Gandhi, Zev Lovinger, Michael Mello, Guruswami Ravichandran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Measurement of strength at high pressures is critical to understanding the behavior of materials subjected to extreme loading conditions. Recent developments have extended the pressure shear plate impact (PSPI) technique to the high-pressure regime. Such experiments provide a unique opportunity to extract the complete stress–strain behavior of materials at relatively high pressures. The modified technique includes a new fiber-optic heterodyne transverse velocity interferometer system and new analysis methods to account for the inelastic response of the anvil plates. In this study, PSPI experiments are conducted on oxygen-free high conductivity (OFHC) copper at pressures ranging from 10 to 43 GPa and at strain rates of ~ 105 s−1. Complete stress–strain curves of copper are obtained using a hybrid methodology that relies on numerical simulations and particle velocity records gathered in these experiments. Experiments are conducted at similar pressures and strain rates using two types of anvils that undergo different levels of plastic strains: tool steel and tungsten carbide, to check the robustness of the hybrid method. The behavior of copper at these high pressures and strain rates is compared with previous literature data, and the effect of pressure and strain rate on the strength behavior of copper are discussed. It was observed that the rate of change in yield strength with pressure was 2.5 times the rate of change of shear modulus with pressure. The strength models that predict the response of copper at these extreme conditions are also examined and validated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)248-261
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc.


  • OFHC copper
  • Pressure-shear plate impact
  • Shock compression
  • Strength


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