Dynamic rotational seeding and cell culture system for vascular tube formation

Boris A. Nasseri, Irina Pomerantseva, Mohammad R. Kaazempur-Mofrad, Fraser W.H. Sutherland, Tjorvi Perry, Erin Ochoa, Craig A. Thompson, John E. Mayer, Stephen N. Oesterle, Joseph P. Vacanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations


Optimization of cell seeding and culturing is an important step for the successful tissue engineering of vascular conduits. We evaluated the effectiveness of using a hybridization oven for rotational seeding and culturing of ovine vascular myofibroblasts onto biodegradable polymer scaffolds suitable for replacement of small- and large-diameter blood vessels. Large tubes (12 mm internal diameter and 60 mm length, n = 4) and small tubes (5 mm internal diameter and 20 mm length, n = 4) were made from a combination of polyglycolic acid/poly-4-hydroxybutyrate and coated with collagen solution. Tubes were then placed in culture vessels containing a vascular myofibroblast suspension (106 cells/cm2) and rotated at 5 rpm in a hybridization oven at 37°C. Light and scanning electron microscopy analyses were performed after 5, 7, and 10 days. Myofibroblasts had formed confluent layers over the outer and inner surfaces of both large and small tubular scaffolds by day 5. Cells had aligned in the direction of flow by day 7. Multiple spindle-shaped cells were observed infiltrating the polymer mesh. Cell density increased between day 5 and day 10. All conduits maintained their tubular shape throughout the experiment. We conclude that dynamic rotational seeding and culturing in a hybridization oven is an easy, effective, and reliable method to deliver and culture vascular myofibroblasts onto tubular polymer scaffolds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-299
Number of pages9
JournalTissue Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003


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