Dynamic Modeling and Passivity-Based Control of a Single Degree of Freedom Cable-Actuated System

Ryan James Caverly, James Richard Forbes, Donya Mohammadshahi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, a lumped-mass dynamic model of a single degree of freedom cable-actuated system is derived, and passivity-based control is considered. The dynamic model developed takes into consideration the changing cable stiffness and mass as the cable is wrapped around a winch. In addition, the change in the winch inertia as the cable is wrapped around the winch is modeled. It is assumed that the mass of the payload is much greater than the mass of the cables and the equivalent mass of the winches, which allows for an approximation where the rigid dynamics can be decoupled from the elastic dynamics of the system. This approximation enables the definition of a modified input torque and modified output rate, allowing the establishment of passive input-output mappings. Passivity-based controllers are investigated, shown to render the closed-loop system input-output stable, and tested in simulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6891234
Pages (from-to)898-909
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cable-actuated systems
  • lumped-mass model
  • parallel manipulators
  • passivity-based control
  • proportional-integral-derivative (PID) control
  • μ-tip rate

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