Dynamic Focusing in Ultrasound Hyperthermia Treatments Using Implantable Hydrophone Arrays

Ralf Seip, Philip Van Baren, Emad S. Ebbini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


A prototype 16-element needle hydrophone array has been designed, fabricated and characterized. The primary use of this array is to provide acoustic feedback during ultrasound hyperthermia treatments. This feedback can be used to compensate for patient motion and tissue inhomogeneities by controlling the phased array driving patterns. It can also be used in adaptive dynamic focusing, a procedure which enables the phased array to focus at points away from specified control points. The hydrophone array consists of a PVDF sheet, which covers a silicon substrate carrier that contains the signal electrodes of the individual acoustic sensors. A complete description of the hydrophone array and its characteristics is given in this paper. The aberration correction and motion compensation algorithms are also described, and some experimental results are shown. Finally, a Taylor series based adaptive dynamic focusing method for phased arrays based on a set of discrete hydrophone array measurements is described. This algorithm does not require any prior knowledge of the applicator geometry and all the parameters needed for correction can be measured directly at the hydrophone array sensor locations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)706-713
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1994

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received December 28, 1993; revised March 31. 1994. This work was supported in part by a Grant from the Whitaker Foundation and by the National Institutes of Health under Grant CA44124. The authors are with the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA. IEEE Log Number 9403366.

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