Dynamic control of modeled tonic-clonic seizure states with closed-loop stimulation

Bryce Beverlin, Theoden I. Netoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Seizure control using deep brain stimulation (DBS) provides an alternative therapy to patients with intractable and drug resistant epilepsy. This paper presents novel DBS stimulus protocols to disrupt seizures. Two protocols are presented: open-loop stimulation and a closed-loop feedback system utilizing measured ring rates to adjust stimulus frequency. Stimulation suppression is demonstrated in a computational model using 3000 excitatory Morris-Lecar (M-L) model neurons connected with depressing synapses. Cells are connected using second order network topology (SONET) to simulate network topologies measured in cortical networks. The network spontaneously switches from tonic to clonic as synaptic strengths and tonic input to the neurons decreases. To this model we add periodic stimulation pulses to simulate DBS. Periodic forcing can synchronize or desynchronize an oscillating population of neurons, depending on the stimulus frequency and amplitude. Therefore, it is possible to either extend or truncate the tonic or clonic phases of the seizure. Stimuli applied at the ring rate of the neuron generally synchronize the population while stimuli slightly slower than the ring rate prevent synchronization. We present an adaptive stimulation algorithm that measures the ring rate of a neuron and adjusts the stimulus to maintain a relative stimulus frequency to ring frequency and demonstrate it in a computational model of a tonic-clonic seizure. This adaptive algorithm can affect the duration of the tonic phase using much smaller stimulus amplitudes than the open-loop control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFrontiers in Neural Circuits
Issue numberFEBRUARY 2013
StatePublished - Feb 6 2013


  • Deep brain stimulation
  • Seizure model
  • Synchrony
  • Tonic-clonic


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