The G protein-coupled delta opioid receptor (DOR) plays a critical role in pain control. Emerging evidence shows that DOR also plays a role in neuronal differentiation and survival. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is known to be critical for the development and maintenance of the central and peripheral nervous systems. Our previous studies have shown that sustained activation of NGF/PI3K/Akt/NF-κB signaling is essential for NGF-induced dor gene expression during neuronal differentiation and that the epigenetic modifications at histone 3 lysine 9 temporally correlate with the dor gene transcription. In this study, we cloned the rat dor gene promoter and identified an NGF-responsive region similar to that from the mouse dor gene promoter. We further identified p300, a known NF-κB binding partner with intrinsic histone acetyltransferase activity, to be dynamically associated with the dor gene. We also found that assembling of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) at the promoter took place before NGF stimulation, indicating that p300 could only interact with preassembled Pol II at the promoter after NGF stimulation. Taken together, these results implicate that preassembly of the Pol II preinitiation complex, sustained activation of PI3K/Akt/NF-κB signaling, and dynamic p300 association at the promoters sequentially is one of the mechanisms of induction of the late phase genes during NGF-induced neuronal differentiation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - May 28 2010|
- Neuronal differentiation
- RNA polymerase II