Dynamic analysis of peritoneal dialysis associated peritonitis

John R. Hotchkiss, Elizabeth D. Hermsen, Laurie B. Hovde, Dana A. Simonson, John C Rotschafer, Philip S. Crooke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Peritoneal dialysis associated peritonitis (PDAP) has a historical incidence of approximately 0.3 to 0.5 episodes per patient per year; it represents the leading cause for hospitalization in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and imposes a significant burden of morbidity. PDAP is unique in that each dialysis exchange removes a relatively large fraction of the bacteria laden free intraperitoneal fluid. The attendant removal of bacteria existing in the fluid phase (planktonic bacteria) may interact with bacterial growth to modulate the rate at which the peritoneal burden of microorganisms is reduced. We investigated the potential interactions between bacterial growth dynamics, multiphase bacterial kinetics, and mechanical clearance of microorganisms using simple mathematical analyses based upon in vitro data regarding bacterial growth kinetics in peritoneal dialysate. There are strong dynamic interactions predicted between fluid phase bacterial kinetics, dialysis prescription, and the mechanical clearance of planktonic peritoneal bacteria. There are also strong interactions between fluid phase bacterial kinetics and the kinetics of biofilm/sanctuary site formation and clearance. More frequent exchanges might significantly hasten the clearance of intraperitoneal planktonic bacteria in the absence of catheter-associated bacterial biofilm. The formation of bacteria laden biofilm raises the possibility of a "commensal state," in which ongoing mechanical clearance limits the total peritoneal bacterial burden.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)568-576
Number of pages9
JournalASAIO Journal
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2004


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