DXA-Determined Regional Adiposity Relates to Insulin Resistance in a Young Adult Population with Overweight andObesity

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Abstract

Obesity is a well-established risk factor for insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus, and body fat distribution has important implications for this metabolic risk. In this cross-sectional study, we used dual X-ray absorptiometry body composition data from 123 young adult participants with overweight or obesity, and correlatedwith 2 indices of insulin resistance calculated from oral glucose tolerance tests. Participants were 70% women, with mean (standard error) age 30.1 (0.6) yr, body mass index (BMI) 34.0 (0.6) kg/m 2 , homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) of 2.1 (0.2), and Matsuda insulin sensitivity index (Matsuda ISI) of 5.8 (0.4). In women, the strongest correlations were observed with the android-to-gynoid ratio (r = 0.52, p < 0.001 for HOMA-IR; r = −0.46, p < 0.001 for Matsuda ISI), and these correlations remained significant after adjustment for BMI. For men, the strongest correlations were with android fat mass (r = 0.40, p = 0.01 for HOMA-IR; r = −0.37, p = 0.02 for Matsuda ISI). Visceral adipose tissue was correlated with HOMA-IR and Matsuda ISI in women, and only with Matsuda ISI in men. BMI correlated with HOMA-IR and with Matsuda ISI in both women and men. Regional adiposity determined by dual X-ray absorptiometry correlates with indices of insulin resistance in sedentary young adults with overweight and obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-292
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Densitometry
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Body composition
  • DXA
  • HOMA-IR
  • Matsuda index
  • insulin resistance

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