Durable mechanical circulatory support device use in the United States by geographic region and minority status

Michigan Congestive Heart Failure Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Background: Durable mechanical circulatory support device (MCSD) therapy has experienced rapid dissemination in the United States. Few studies have evaluated geographic patterns of its dissemination based upon patient characteristics that could identify potential variation in its application. Methods: A combined Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support and Medicare dataset identified durable MCSD implants from 2008 through 2014. MCSD implant rates were estimated using yearly US Census population data, estimated from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research database and stratified by age, race, and United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) region. Results: Overall, 16,331 patients received an MCSD implant from 232 unique centers. Annual MCSD implant rate (per 1 million population) significantly increased in each UNOS region (absolute range of increase, 5.3-16.4) with UNOS Region 7 demonstrating the highest overall absolute rate (20.9) in 2014 and UNOS Region 11 demonstrating the greatest relative increase in rate (430.5%). Geographical differences in the rate of MCSD implants were observed among whites and minorities with higher rates of MCSD implants observed for minorities for nearly all UNOS regions across all years. Significantly greater relative increases in MCSD implants for minorities compared with whites were observed within UNOS Regions 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 11 (P <.001). Conclusions: Geographical differences exist in rates of MCSD implantation among whites and minorities. The reasons for these differences are unknown, but may reflect underlying differences in disease burden or disparities in access to heart transplantation and warrant further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-133.e13
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery


  • heart failure
  • mechanical circulatory support
  • ventricular assist device


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