DSM-5 personality traits and DSM-IV personality disorders

Christopher J. Hopwood, Katherine M. Thomas, Kristian E. Markon, Aidan G.C. Wright, Robert F. Krueger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

213 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two issues pertinent to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5) proposal for personality pathology, the recovery of DSM-IV personality disorders (PDs) by proposed DSM-5 traits and the validity of the proposed DSM-5 hybrid model, which incorporates both personality pathology symptoms and maladaptive traits, were evaluated in a large undergraduate sample (N=808). Proposed DSM-5 traits as assessed with the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 explained a substantial proportion of variance in DSM-IV PDs as assessed with the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+, and trait indicators of the 6 proposed DSM-5 PDs were mostly specific to those disorders with some exceptions. Regression analyses support the DSM-5 hybrid model in that pathological traits, and an indicator of general personality pathology severity provided incremental information about PDs. Findings are discussed in the context of broader issues around the proposed DSM-5 model of personality disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)424-432
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of abnormal psychology
Volume121
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Keywords

  • DSM-5
  • Personality Inventory for DSM-5
  • Personality diagnostic questionnaire
  • Personality disorders
  • Personality traits

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