Droplet wetting transitions on inclined substrates in the presence of external shear and substrate permeability

Leonardo Espín, Satish Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Understanding the gravity-driven motion of droplets on inclined substrates in the presence of external shear and substrate permeability is important for applications such as spray coating and filtration. In this paper, we use a lubrication-theory-based model to study how external shear and substrate permeability affect droplet wetting transitions. A nonlinear evolution equation for the droplet height as a function of time and two spatial variables is derived and numerically solved. The contact-line region is described using a precursor film and disjoining pressure. Depending on its direction, external shear can either suppress or drive wetting transitions, but does not appear to significantly change the critical droplet speeds associated with these transitions. Substrate permeability generally suppresses wetting transitions due to liquid absorption and does appear to significantly affect these critical droplet speeds. The strong influence of substrate permeability and external shear on droplet wetting transitions indicates that it will be important to account for these effects when developing accurate models for industrial applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number014004
JournalPhysical Review Fluids
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 American Physical Society.

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Droplet wetting transitions on inclined substrates in the presence of external shear and substrate permeability'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this