Driving down on-highway particulate emissions

David B Kittelson, W. F. Watts, J. P. Johnson, C. J. Rowntree, S. P. Goodier, M. J. Payne, W. H. Preston, C. P. Warrens, M. Ortiz, U. Zink, C. Goersmann, M. V. Twigg, A. P. Walker

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

It has been reported that particulate emissions from diesel vehicles could be associated with damaging human health, global warming and a reduction in air quality. These particles cover a very large size range, typically 3 to 10 000 nm. Filters in the vehicle exhaust systems can substantially reduce particulate emissions but until very recently it was not possible to directly characterise actual on-road emissions from a vehicle. This paper presents the first study of the effect of filter systems on the particulate emissions of a heavy-duty diesel vehicle during real-world driving. The presence of sulfur in the fuel and in the engine lubricant can lead to significant emissions of sulfate particles < 30 nm in size (nanoparticles). We have demonstrated that when using low sulfur fuel in combination with a uniquely formulated low sulfur lubricant and a suitable filter system that the particulate emissions of a heavy-duty vehicle were reduced to the levels already present in the ambient environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
Event2006 SAE World Congress - Detroit, MI, United States
Duration: Apr 3 2006Apr 6 2006

Other

Other2006 SAE World Congress
CountryUnited States
CityDetroit, MI
Period4/3/064/6/06

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