Downregulated microRNA-200a in meningiomas promotes tumor growth by reducing E-cadherin and activating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway

Okay Saydam, Yiping Shen, Thomas Würdinger, Ozlem Senol, Elvan Boke, Marianne F. James, Bakhos A. Tannous, Anat O. Stemmer-Rachamimov, Ming Yi, Robert M. Stephens, Cornel Fraefel, James F. Gusella, Anna M. Krichevsky, Xandra O. Breakefield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

215 Scopus citations

Abstract

Meningiomas, one of the most common human brain tumors, are derived from arachnoidal cells associated with brain meninges, are usually benign, and are frequently associated with neurofibromatosis type 2. Here, we define a typical human meningioma microRNA (miRNA) profile and characterize the effects of one downregulated miRNA, miR-200a, on tumor growth. Elevated levels of miR-200a inhibited meningioma cell growth in culture and in a tumor model in vivo. Upregulation of miR-200a decreased the expression of transcription factors ZEB1 and SIP1, with consequent increased expression of E-cadherin, an adhesion protein associated with cell differentiation. Downregulation of miR-200a in meningiomas and arachnoidal cells resulted in increased expression of β-catenin and cyclin D1 involved in cell proliferation. miR-200a was found to directly target β-catenin mRNA, thereby inhibiting its translation and blocking Wnt/β-catenin signaling, which is frequently involved in cancer. A direct correlation was found between the downregulation of miR-200a and the upregulation of β-catenin in human meningioma samples. Thus, miR-200a appears to act as a multifunctional tumor suppressor miRNA in meningiomas through effects on the E-cadherin and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathways. This reveals a previously unrecognized signaling cascade involved in meningioma tumor development and highlights a novel molecular interaction between miR-200a and Wnt signaling, thereby providing insights into novel therapies for meningiomas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5923-5940
Number of pages18
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume29
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Downregulated microRNA-200a in meningiomas promotes tumor growth by reducing E-cadherin and activating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this