Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reverse transcriptase (RT)-Associated ribonuclease H (RNase H) remains the only virally encoded enzymatic function yet to be exploited as an antiviral target. One of the possible challenges may be that targeting HIV RNase H is confronted with a steep substrate barrier. We have previously reported a 3-hydroxypyrimidine-2,4-dione (HPD) subtype that potently and selectively inhibited RNase H without inhibiting HIV in cell culture. We report herein a critical redesign of the HPD chemotype featuring an additional wing at the C5 position that led to drastically improved RNase H inhibition and significant antiviral activity. Structure-Activity relationship (SAR) concerning primarily the length and flexibility of the two wings revealed important structural features that dictate the potency and selectivity of RNase H inhibition as well as the observed antiviral activity. Our current medicinal chemistry data also revealed that the RNase H biochemical inhibition largely correlated the antiviral activity.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the National Institutes of Health (AI100890 to S.G.S., M.A.P., and Z.W.).
© 2017 American Chemical Society.