Double dose vs. standard dose influenza vaccination in patients with heart failure: A pilot study

Amy Van Ermen, Matthew P. Hermanson, John M. Moran, Nancy K. Sweitzer, Maryl R. Johnson, Orly Vardeny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


AimsInfluenza infection leads to increased morbidity and mortality in those with heart failure, and individuals with heart failure exhibit reduced antibody responses to influenza vaccine. We hypothesized that patients with heart failure randomized to double dose (DD) influenza vaccine will mount more vigorous humoral immune responses compared with those given standard dose (SD) vaccine.Methods and resultsWe randomized 28 heart failure patients to DD (30 μg/strain) or SD (15 μg/strain) influenza vaccine. We assessed antibody production by haemagglutination inhibition assay (reported as log haemagglutination units) prior to, at 2-4 weeks and at 4-6 months following vaccination. Baseline antibody titres between DD (n = 12, mean age 64 ± 10 years) and SD (n = 16, mean age 63 ± 9 years) did not differ significantly. At 2-4 weeks, DD haemagglutination unit changes were significantly higher than those of SD (3.3 vs. 1.6 for A/H3N2, P < 0.001; 1.9 and 1.1 for A/H1N1, P = 0.009; and 1.7 and 1 for B-type, P = 0.02). At 4-6 weeks, there were no differences in titres in any of the virus types between treatment groups and, although titres decreased, levels remained above the seroprotective threshold.ConclusionsHigher influenza vaccine doses may elicit increased antibody-mediated responses in patients with heart failure; further studies should assess whether clinical outcomes are improved with this strategy. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)560-564
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2013


  • Heart failure
  • Immune system
  • Influenza vaccine


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