Domain walls and flux tubes in N=2 SQCD: D-brane prototypes

M. Shifman, A. Yung

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Abstract

This paper could have been entitled "D branes and strings from flesh and blood." We study field theoretic prototypes of D branes or strings. To this end we consider (2+1)-dimensional domain walls in (3+1)-dimensional N=2 supersymmetric QCD with an SU(2) gauge group and Nf=2 flavors of fundamental hypermultiplets (quarks). This theory is perturbed by a small mass term of the adjoint matter which, in the leading order in the mass parameter, does not break N=2 supersymmetry, and reduces to a (generalized) Fayet-Iliopoulos term in the effective low-energy N=2 supersymmetric QED (SQED). We find a 1/2 BPS-saturated domain wall solution interpolating between two quark vacua at weak coupling, and show that this domain wall localizes a U(1) gauge field. To make contact with the brane or string picture we consider the Abrikosov-Nielsen-Olesen magnetic flux tube in one of two quark vacua and demonstrate that it can end on the domain wall. We find an explicit 1/4 BPS-saturated solution for the wall-flux-tube junction. We verify that the end point of the flux tube on the wall plays the role of an electric charge in the dual (2+1)-dimensional SQED living on the wall. Flow to N=1 theory is discussed. Our results lead us to a conjecture regarding the notorious "missing wall" in the solution of Kaplunovsky, Sonnenschein, and Yankielowicz.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number125007
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume67
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003

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