The statics and dynamics of a surface separating two phases of a relativistic quantum field theory at or near the critical temperature typically make use of a free energy as a functional of an order parameter. This free energy functional also affords an economical description of states away from equilibrium. The similarities and differences between using a scalar field as the order parameter versus the energy density are examined, and a peculiarity is noted. We also point out several conceptual errors in the literature dealing with the dynamical prefactor in the nucleation rate.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2003|