Does Weight-Motivation for Exercise Predict Physical Activity Levels Across the Life Course From Adolescence to Adulthood?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Healthcare professionals may motivate their patients to exercise to lose weight, but it is unknown how weight-focused motivations influence young peoples’ PA trajectories. Purpose: To examine if weight-motivated exercise predicts moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) from adolescence to adulthood in a population-based sample and if this relationship differs by age and body mass index (BMI). Methods: Participants (N = 1,428; 13–18 years at baseline; 48.6% female; 49.0% white) responded to surveys in the 15-year longitudinal study, Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults). Weight-motivated exercise was examined as a predictor of MVPA across the life course at five-year intervals using linear regression generalized estimating equations and adjusting for demographics (age modeled continuously), BMI (modeled continuously), weight-related intentions, and prior MVPA. Results: Weight-motivated exercise predicted higher subsequent MVPA at five-year intervals among females (B = .57, 95% CI:0.13, 1.00) but not males (B = .31, 95% CI:-.09, .72). The association differed by BMI in females (p = .02); weight-motivated exercise was associated with higher subsequent MVPA at lower BMI but lower subsequent MVPA at higher BMI. The association also differed by age in males (p = .008), such that older males who reported weight-motivated exercise had higher subsequent MVPA, whereas this association was not present in younger males. Conclusion: Weight-motivated exercise may have a deleterious influence on MVPA for females with higher BMI and may have an advantageous influence on older males. Understanding how motivations for exercise may influence PA trajectories can inform PA promotion over the life course by providing more nuanced guidance by age, BMI, and sex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)112-118
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume71
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Grant Number R35HL139853 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (PI: Neumark-Sztainer). L.H.’s time was supported by the National Institutes of Health’s National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences , grant numbers TL1R002493 and UL1TR002494 . V.H.’s time was supported by Grant Number T32MH082761 from the National Institute of Mental Health (PI: Scott Crow).The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, the National Institute of Mental Health, or the National Institutes of Health.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine

Keywords

  • adolescent
  • Exercise
  • Motivation
  • Physical activity
  • weight stigma
  • Body Mass Index
  • Humans
  • Life Change Events
  • Male
  • Young Adult
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Longitudinal Studies

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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