Does the gender composition of forest and fishery management groups affect resource governance and conservation outcomes: A systematic map protocol

Craig Leisher, Gheda Temsah, Francesca Booker, Michael Day, Bina Agarwal, Elizabeth Matthews, Dilys Roe, Diane Russell, Leah Samberg, Terry Sunderland, David Wilkie

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Background: In the fields of environmental governance and biodiversity conservation, there is a growing awareness that gender has an influence on resource use and management. Several studies argue that empowering women in resource governance can lead to beneficial outcomes for resource sustainability and biodiversity conservation. Yet how robust is the evidence to support this claim? Here we focus on the forestry and fisheries sectors to answer the primary question: What is the evidence that the gender composition of forest and fishery management groups affects resource governance and conservation outcomes? Our objective is to produce a systematic map of the evidence highlighting, inter alia, the geographic distribution and quality of the evidence, the consistency and robustness of the findings, and where further research is needed. Methods/design: This protocol provides the details of the methodology. The search terms used to identify relevant articles were developed in an iterative process using the phraseology of the primary question, Boolean operators, and a list of synonyms for each term. The search terms will be used to identify relevant articles in CAB Abstracts, Scopus, AGRIS, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, and Google. A test library of 12 articles will ensure that the search captures the relevant literature. Searches will be in English but will not be restricted by publication date. The websites of 22 international organisations with a known interest in gender-related issues will be screened for relevant documents. The gender-focussed researchers at large conservation NGOs, the members of the Poverty and Conservation Learning Group, and the members of the Gender and Environment Working Group will be invited to submit relevant documents. The list of references of included articles will be screened to identify other relevant articles in a 'backwards snowballing' approach. The inclusion criteria are that an article refers to women or gender, forests or fisheries, a resource management group, a quantitative comparison, and an environmental governance or biodiversity conservation outcome in a non-OECD country. A data extraction template with 27 variables will be used to assess the included articles. The output will be a narrative report with descriptive statistics and an evidence-gap map.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4
JournalEnvironmental Evidence
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jun 15 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This review benefited from funding from TNC and the generous support of the American people through USAID under MTO 069018 (Biodiversity Fund) and REQ-EGAT-12-000014 (Measuring Impact) managed by the USAID Office of Forestry and Biodiversity/Bureau for Economic Growth, Education and the Environment. DfID’s KnowFor provided funding for the CIFOR contributions. The authors’ views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of the United States Agency for International Development or the United States Government.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Leisher et al.; licensee BioMed Central.


  • Citizen participation
  • Conservation
  • Equity
  • Fishing
  • Forests
  • Gender impacts
  • Livelihoods
  • Sustainability


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