Does policy matter? The effect of increasing child care subsidy policy generosity on program outcomes

Roberta B. Weber, Deana Grobe, Elizabeth E. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


A dramatic change in the generosity of one state's child care subsidy policy provides an opportunity to study the relationship between subsidy policy generosity and program outcomes. We find positive effects of policy generosity on child care usage and continuity in the program. We also find these outcomes affected by employment characteristics of participating parents. Unstable employment as evidenced by frequent employment losses, job changes, and periods of unemployment, challenge the ability of a parent to remain in a program tightly linked to being employed. Generosity of subsidy policy is positively related to achievement of Child Care and Development Fund program goals of continuity and parental access to care that meets the developmental needs of their child.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-144
Number of pages10
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
StatePublished - Sep 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was partially funded through grant number 90YE0119 from the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation in the Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services . Funding also came from the Office of Child Care in the Early Learning Division of the Oregon Department of Education (formerly the Child Care Division of the Oregon Employment Department). The contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not represent the official views of the funding agencies nor does publication in any way constitute an endorsement by the funding agencies.


  • Child and family policy
  • Child care
  • Child care continuity
  • Child care subsidy program
  • Child care usage


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