Does improved local supply of schooling enhance intergenerational mobility in education? Evidence from Jordan

Ragui A Assaad, Mohamed Saleh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The impact of the growth of the local supply of public schools in the post-Colonial period on intergenerational mobility in education is a first-order question in the Arab World. This question is examined in Jordan using a unique dataset that links individual data on own schooling and parents' schooling for adults, from a household survey, with the supply of schools in the subdistrict of birth at the time the individual was of age to enroll, from a school census. The identification strategy exploits the variation in the supply of basic and secondary public schools across cohorts and subdistricts of birth in Jordan, controlling for year and subdistrict-of-birth fixed effects and interactions of governorate and year-of-birth fixed effects. The findings show that the local availability of basic public schools does, in fact, increase intergenerational mobility in education. For instance, a one standard deviation increase in the supply of basic public schools per 1,000 people reduces the fatherson and mother-son associations of schooling by 18-20 percent and the father-daughter and mother-daughter associations by 33-44 percent. However, an increase in the local supply of secondary public schools does not seem to have an effect on the intergenerational mobility in education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)633-655
Number of pages23
JournalWorld Bank Economic Review
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

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intergenerational mobility
Jordan
education
supply
school
evidence
Arab world
household survey
Schooling
Intergenerational mobility
Public schools
Education
Arab
census
father
parents
public
interaction

Keywords

  • Education
  • Inequality of opportunity
  • Intergenerational mobility
  • Middle East
  • Supply of schooling

Cite this

Does improved local supply of schooling enhance intergenerational mobility in education? Evidence from Jordan. / Assaad, Ragui A; Saleh, Mohamed.

In: World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 32, No. 3, 01.01.2018, p. 633-655.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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