Does Improved Local Supply of Schooling Enhance Intergenerational Mobility in Education? Evidence from Jordan

Ragui Assaad, Mohamed Saleh

Research output: Other contribution

Abstract

The impact of the growth of the local supply of public schools in the post-Colonial period on intergenerational mobility in education is a first-order question in the Arab World. This question is examined in Jordan using a unique dataset that links individual data on own schooling and parents' schooling for adults, from a household survey, with the supply of schools in the subdistrict of birth at the time the individual was of age to enroll, from a school census. The identification strategy exploits the variation in the supply of basic and secondary public schools across cohorts and subdistricts of birth in Jordan, controlling for year and subdistrict-of-birth fixed effects and interactions of governorate and year-of-birth fixed effects. The findings show that the local availability of basic public schools does, in fact, increase intergenerational mobility in education. For instance, a one standard deviation increase in the supply of basic public schools per 1,000 people reduces the father-son and mother-son associations of schooling by 18-20 percent and the father-daughter and mother-daughter associations by 33-44 percent. However, an increase in the local supply of secondary public schools does not seem to have an effect on the intergenerational mobility in education
Original languageEnglish (US)
PublisherAcademy for Educational Development and The World Bank
Number of pages49
Place of PublicationWashington, D.C
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Publication series

NameWorld Bank e-Library

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Keywords

  • Middle East
  • Intergenerational Mobility
  • Education
  • Inequality Of Opportunity
  • Supply of Schooling

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