Does exposure to controlling parental feeding practices during adolescence predict disordered eating behaviors 8 years later in emerging adulthood?

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To examine how exposure to controlling parental feeding practices during adolescence is associated with disordered eating behaviors in emerging adulthood. Methods: Data were analyzed from 543 males and 769 females (Mage at baseline = 14.5 years, Mage at follow-up = 22.7 years) and their parents who participated in the population-based EAT 2010-2018 and Project F-EAT studies. Parental food restriction and pressure-to-eat practices were assessed with items from the Child Feeding Questionnaire. Regression models predicted chronic dieting, unhealthy weight control behaviors, and binge eating, adjusted for demographic covariates, adiposity, and outcome at baseline. Results: Overall, exposure to controlling parental feeding practices during adolescence was not associated with disordered eating behaviors at eight-year follow-up, with one exception. Among males, maternal pressure-to-eat was associated with greater risk of chronic dieting in emerging adulthood. Conclusions: By emerging adulthood, other factors may be more salient with regard to disordered eating outcomes than parental feeding practices during adolescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere12709
JournalPediatric Obesity
Volume15
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
DNS and NIL were responsible for the conception, design, and data collection of the EAT 2010‐2018 study. All authors contributed to the conception and design of the study presented in the manuscript. VH conducted data analyses and wrote the first draft of the manuscript. All authors commented on iterations of the manuscript, and all authors read and approved the final manuscript. This research was supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (grant numbers R01HL084064 and R35HL139853, PI: Dianne Neumark‐Sztainer) and the National Institute of Mental Health (grant number T32MH082761, PI: Scott Crow).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 World Obesity Federation

Keywords

  • adolescence
  • disordered eating
  • emerging adulthood
  • feeding practices
  • parent-child relations

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