Purpose of reviewTo highlight recent publications about sleep disorders and sleep health in adult persons with HIV (PWH), with a focus on how sleep relates to comorbidities in PWH.Recent findingsSleep disorders are more common in PWH than in seronegative controls, especially insomnia, with four different recent studies estimating insomnia prevalence in PWH at 21-35%. Sleep apnea prevalence estimates in PWH have varied widely. Most studies suggest PWH do not have higher sleep apnea prevalence compared with controls, though definitions of sleep apnea may affect these analyses. Comorbidities recently associated with sleep in PWH include myocardial infraction (insomnia), depressive symptoms (insomnia and restless legs syndrome), and pain (insomnia). Cognition associations with sleep were inconsistent and may depend on data collection and analytic methods. Sleep health dimensions are uncommonly reported, but PWH appear to report worse sleep health dimensions and these demonstrated mixed associations with cognition and depressive symptoms in recent studies.SummarySleep disorders and poor sleep health are common in PWH and are related to comorbidities. More data from longitudinal studies and clinical trials are needed. Clinical trials of insomnia interventions in PWH are especially warranted.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This material is the result of work supported with resources and the use of facilities at the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis, USA. This work was also supported by grant support K.M.K. received for HIV-associated comorbidity research from the National Institutes of Health (U01 HL146208, U01 HL146193).
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- cardiovascular disease
- neuropsychological tests
- obstructive sleep apnea
- restless legs syndrome
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural