Do cross-race friendships with majority and minority peers protect against the effects of discrimination on school belonging and depressive symptoms?

Xiang Zhou, Claire J. Min, Adam Y. Kim, Richard M. Lee, Chun Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although cross-race friendships seem to benefit racially minoritized students, especially in mitigating the adverse impact of racial discrimination, past research has rarely distinguished between cross-race friendships with majority and minority peers. To address this gap, we examined whether cross-race friendships with majority and minority peers moderated the associations of school-based discrimination with school belonging and with depressive symptoms. Participants were 219 Korean domestic and international students (69 % female) attending predominantly White institutions in the United States. Consistent with past research, participants reported low percentages of cross-race friendships with majority (M = 22.53 %, SD = 18.67 %) and minority (M = 10.51 %, SD = 11.29 %) peers. Cross-race friendships with majority peers reduced the effect of school-based discrimination on school belonging, but not depressive symptoms. By contrast, cross-race friendships with minority peers did not have a protective effect on school belonging or depressive symptoms. Future research should investigate the distinctive roles of cross-race friendships with majority and minority peers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)242-251
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Intercultural Relations
Volume91
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022

Keywords

  • Cross-race friendships
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Discrimination
  • Korean
  • School belonging

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