Divide and Conquer: Answering Questions with Object Factorization and Compositional Reasoning

Shi Chen, Qi Zhao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Humans have the innate capability to answer diverse questions, which is rooted in the natural ability to correlate different concepts based on their semantic relationships and decompose difficult problems into sub-tasks. On the contrary, existing visual reasoning methods assume training samples that capture every possible object and reasoning problem, and rely on black-boxed models that commonly exploit statistical priors. They have yet to develop the capability to address novel objects or spurious biases in real-world scenarios, and also fall short of interpreting the rationales behind their decisions. Inspired by humans' reasoning of the visual world, we tackle the aforementioned challenges from a compositional perspective, and propose an integral framework consisting of a principled object factorization method and a novel neural module network. Our factorization method decomposes objects based on their key characteristics, and automatically derives prototypes that represent a wide range of objects. With these prototypes encoding important semantics, the proposed network then correlates objects by measuring their similarity on a common semantic space and makes decisions with a compositional reasoning process. It is capable of answering questions with diverse objects regard-less of their availability during training, and overcoming the issues of biased question-answer distributions. In addition to the enhanced generalizability, our framework also provides an interpretable interface for understanding the decision-making process of models. Our code is available at https://github.com/szzexpoi/POEM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2023 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR 2023
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages6736-6745
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9798350301298
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023
Event2023 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR 2023 - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: Jun 18 2023Jun 22 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Volume2023-June
ISSN (Print)1063-6919

Conference

Conference2023 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR 2023
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityVancouver
Period6/18/236/22/23

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 IEEE.

Keywords

  • Vision
  • and reasoning
  • language

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