Diurnal rhythms of bile acid production in the rat.

W. C. Duane, M. L. Gilberstadt, D. M. Wiegand

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Diurnal rhythms of bile acid synthesis were studied in Sprague-Dawley rats maintained in 12 h of illumination and 12 h of darkness each day. Synthesis, measured as output from a chronic bile fistula, underwent a consistent diurnal change with an amplitude of about 20% around mean daily synthesis and a peak in the dark period. The peak in cholate synthesis preceded the peak in chenodeoxycholate synthesis which preceded the peak in alpha-muricholate synthesis which preceded the peak in beta-muricholate synthesis. Fasting, intravenous infusion of dexamethasone (100 microgram/kg . h), adrenalectomy, and ocular enucleation all failed to abolish the diurnal rhythm in synthesis. In one rat studied 30 days after ocular enucleation the diurnal rhythm in synthesis persisted; however, relative to 4 days after enucleation the phase of the rhythm shifted about 90 degrees suggesting that light deprivation caused the rhythm to become free-running with a period slightly different from 24 h.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R175-R179
JournalThe American journal of physiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1979


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