Gonadotropin releasing hormone-I (GnRH-I) is known to regulate the avian reproductive system. We investigated the roles of GnRH-I in the regulation of the reproductive system of the native Thai chicken. The distribution of GnRH-I neurons and changes in GnRH-I-immunoreactive (-ir) neurons throughout the reproductive stages and between incubating and nest-deprived hens were analyzed utilizing immunohistochemical techniques. The results revealed that GnRH-I-ir neurons were distributed in a discrete region lying close to the third ventricle from the level of preoptic area through the anterior hypothalamus, with the greatest abundance found within the nucleus commissurae pallii (nCPa). The number of GnRH-I-ir neurons in the nCPa was highest in laying hens when compared with that in the other reproductive stages. Nest deprivation caused an increase in the number of GnRH-I-ir neurons in the nCPa of nest-deprived hens when compared with incubating hens. These results indicate that GnRH-I expression is correlated with the reproductive state in the native Thai chicken and may be, in part, regulated by it. This study also confirms a pivotal role of GnRH-I in controlling avian reproduction of this non-seasonal breeding, equatorial species.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors acknowledge the financial support from Suranaree University of Technology through the Grant for the Promotion of Patent-Oriented Research and International Publications to Y.C. The authors would like to thank the University Farm of Suranaree University of Technology for providing the chicken barns.
Copyright 2013 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Gonadotropin releasing hormone-I
- Incubation behavior
- Native Thai chicken
- Reproductive cycle