Distinguishing faceted oxide nanocrystals with 17O solid-state NMR spectroscopy

Yuhong Li, Xin Ping Wu, Ningxin Jiang, Ming Lin, Li Shen, Haicheng Sun, Yongzheng Wang, Meng Wang, Xiaokang Ke, Zhiwu Yu, Fei Gao, Lin Dong, Xuefeng Guo, Wenhua Hou, Weiping Ding, Xue Qing Gong, Clare P. Grey, Luming Peng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

Facet engineering of oxide nanocrystals represents a powerful method for generating diverse properties for practical and innovative applications. Therefore, it is crucial to determine the nature of the exposed facets of oxides in order to develop the facet/morphology-property relationships and rationally design nanostructures with desired properties. Despite the extensive applications of electron microscopy for visualizing the facet structure of nanocrystals, the volumes sampled by such techniques are very small and may not be representative of the whole sample. Here, we develop a convenient 17O nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) strategy to distinguish oxide nanocrystals exposing different facets. In combination with density functional theory calculations, we show that the oxygen ions on the exposed (001) and (101) facets of anatase titania nanocrystals have distinct 17O NMR shifts, which are sensitive to surface reconstruction and the nature of the steps on the surface. The results presented here open up methods for characterizing faceted nanocrystalline oxides and related materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number581
JournalNature communications
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 The Author(s).

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