Distal femoral fracture fixation utilizing the Less Invasive Stabilization System (L.I.S.S.): The technique and early results

P. J. Kregor, J. Stannard, M. Zlowodzki, P. A. Cole, J. Alonso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

126 Scopus citations

Abstract

The treatment of supracondylar femoral fractures in the past three decades has evolved from non-operative to operative treatment. While operative fixation utilizing either plate fixation or rigid intramedullary nail fixation has improved patient outcomes, the problems of malunion, nonunion, need for bone grafting, joint stiffness, and infection persist. An emphasis on maintenance of the soft tissue envelope around fractures has improved efficacy in increasing osseous healing and decreasing infection. Out of this movement grew the concept of submuscular plating for distal femoral fractures, and subsequently L.I.S.S. fixation (Less Invasive Stabilization System) for distal femoral fractures. The technique and early results utilizing the L.I.S.S. for distal femoral fractures is described. The technique of L.I.S.S. fixation first begins with traditional direct visualization and internal fixation of the articular surface. Closed reduction is then performed on the metaphyseal / diaphyseal component of the fracture, followed by submuscular fixation utilizing the L.I.S.S. fixation. The L.I.S.S. can best be thought as an "internal" external fixator.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32-47
Number of pages16
JournalInjury
Volume32
Issue numberSUPPL.3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Articular fracture
  • Femur
  • Fracture
  • Internal fixation
  • Supracondylar

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