Dissecting the maize genome by using chromosome addition and radiation hybrid lines

Ralf G. Kynast, Ron J. Okagaki, Mark W. Galatowitsch, Shannon R. Granath, Morrison S. Jacobs, Adrian O. Stec, Howard W. Rines, Ronald L. Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


We have developed from crosses of oat (Avena sativa L.) and maize (Zea mays L.) 50 fertile lines that are disomic additions of individual maize chromosomes 1-9 and chromosome 10 as a short-arm telosome. The whole chromosome 10 addition is available only in haploid oat background. Most of the maize chromosome disomic addition lines have regular transmission; however, chromosome 5 showed diminished paternal transmission, and chromosome 10 is transmitted to offspring only as a short-arm telosome. To further dissect the maize genome, we irradiated monosomic additions with γ rays and recovered radiation hybrid (RH) lines providing low- to medium-resolution mapping for most of the maize chromosomes. For maize chromosome 1, mapping 45 simple-sequence repeat markers delineated 10 groups of RH plants reflecting different chromosome breaks. The present chromosome 1 RH panel dissects this chromosome into eight physical segments defined by the 10 groups of RH lines. Genomic in situ hybridization revealed the physical size of a distal region, which is represented by six of the eight physical segments, as being ≈20% of the length of the short arm, representing ≈one-third of the genetic chromosome 1 map. The distal ≈20% of the physical length of the long arm of maize chromosome 1 is represented by a single group of RH lines that spans >23% of the total genetic map. These oat-maize RH lines provide valuable tools for physical mapping of the complex highly duplicated maize genome and for unique studies of interspecific gene interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9921-9926
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number26
StatePublished - Jun 29 2004


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