Dispositional Mindfulness Predicts Enhanced Smoking Cessation and Smoking Lapse Recovery

Whitney L. Heppner, Claire Adams Spears, Virmarie Correa-Fernández, Yessenia Castro, Yisheng Li, Beibei Guo, Lorraine R. Reitzel, Jennifer Irvin Vidrine, Carlos A. Mazas, Ludmila Cofta-Woerpel, Paul M. Cinciripini, Jasjit S. Ahluwalia, David W. Wetter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Although mindfulness has been hypothesized to promote health behaviors, no research has examined how dispositional mindfulness might influence the process of smoking cessation. Purpose: The current study investigated dispositional mindfulness, smoking abstinence, and recovery from a lapse among African American smokers. Methods: Participants were 399 African Americans seeking smoking cessation treatment (treatments did not include any components related to mindfulness). Dispositional mindfulness and other psychosocial measures were obtained pre-quit; smoking abstinence was assessed 3, 31 days, and 26 weeks post-quit. Results: Individuals higher in dispositional mindfulness were more likely to quit smoking both initially and over time. Moreover, among individuals who had lapsed at day 3, those higher in mindfulness were more likely to recover abstinence by the later time points. The mindfulness-early abstinence association was mediated by lower negative affect, lower expectancies to regulate affect via smoking, and higher perceived social support. Conclusions: Results suggest that mindfulness might enhance smoking cessation among African American smokers by operating on mechanisms posited by prominent models of addiction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-347
Number of pages11
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

Keywords

  • Mindfulness
  • Smoking cessation
  • Smoking lapse recovery

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    Heppner, W. L., Spears, C. A., Correa-Fernández, V., Castro, Y., Li, Y., Guo, B., Reitzel, L. R., Vidrine, J. I., Mazas, C. A., Cofta-Woerpel, L., Cinciripini, P. M., Ahluwalia, J. S., & Wetter, D. W. (2016). Dispositional Mindfulness Predicts Enhanced Smoking Cessation and Smoking Lapse Recovery. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 50(3), 337-347. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-015-9759-3