Several experimental and theoretical arguments have been made in favor of a d-wave symmetry for the superconducting state in some Fe-based materials. It is a common belief that a d-wave gap in the Fe-based superconductors must have nodes on the Fermi surfaces centered at the Γ point of the Brillouin zone. Here we show that, while this is the case for a single Fermi surface made out of a single orbital, the situation is more complex if there is an even number of Fermi surfaces made out of different orbitals. In particular, we show that for the two Γ-centered hole Fermi surfaces made out of dxz and dyz orbitals, the nodal points still exist near Tc along the symmetry-imposed directions, but are are displaced to momenta between the two Fermi surfaces. If the two hole pockets are close enough, pairs of nodal points can merge and annihilate at some T<Tc, making the d-wave state completely nodeless. These results imply that photoemission evidence for a nodeless gap on the dxz/dyz Fermi surfaces of KFe2As2 does not rule out d-wave gap symmetry in this material, while a nodeless gap observed on the dxy pocket in KxFe2-ySe2 is truly inconsistent with the d-wave gap symmetry.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences, U.S. Department of Energy, under Awards No. DE-SC0014402 (A.V.C.) and No. DE-SC0012336 (R.M.F.). O.V. was supported by NSF Grant No. DMR 1506756. The authors thank the hospitality of the Aspen Center for Physics, where part of this work was performed. ACP is supported by NSF Grant No. PHY-1066293.