Dispersion of paramagnetic tracers in bead packs by T1 mapping: Experiments and simulations

Y. E. Kutsovsky, V. Alvarado, H. T. Davis, L. E. Scriven, B. E. Hammer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


NMR imaging was used to study dispersion in 6 mm bead pack. T1 maps were employed to measure the rate of axial spreading of paramagnetic tracers (GdCl3) inside the bead pack in the range of flow rate from 0.015 mL/s to 0.175 mL/s. From the T1 maps, tracer concentration profiles were obtained, which yielded dimensionless axial dispersion coefficient and mean transit time. Spatial variations in the dispersion coefficient were observed at flow rates above 0.08 mL/s. We hypothesized that the observed spatial oscillations in the dispersion coefficient arise from the spatial variations of the velocity distribution. To validate this mechanism we showed by simulation that similar dispersion coefficient variation occur in a layered network.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)833-839
Number of pages7
JournalMagnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - 1996

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments-This work was sponsored in part by the Army HPC Research Center under the auspices of the Department of the Army, Army Research Laboratory. The content does not necessarily reflect the position or the policy of the government, and no official endorsement should be inferred. Y.E.K. is grateful for the support of the Graduate School of the University of Minnesota in the form of Doctoral Dissertation Fellowship.

Copyright 2007 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Bead packs
  • NMR
  • Paramagnetic tracers

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