Disparities in Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Literacy and Vaccine Completion Among Asian American Pacific Islander Undergraduates: Implications for Cancer Health Equity

Hee Yun Lee, Melissa Kwon, Suzanne Vang, Jessica Dewolfe, Nam Keol Kim, Do Kyung Lee, Miriam Yeung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Low rates of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among young Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) women need to be addressed, particularly given the high incidence of cervical cancer in this population. The current study aims to investigate predictors of HPV vaccination in young AAPI and non-Latina white (NLW) women. Methods: A secondary data analysis was conducted of a health survey administered to college-aged women (N = 2,270) at a large public university in the Midwest. Andersen's behavioral model of health services utilization guided the study theoretically, and hierarchical logistic regression analysis was conducted to investigate research aim. Results: NLW women had a significantly higher rate of vaccine completion than AAPI women (NLW = 60.7%; AAPI = 38.6%). NLW women also scored higher on all 5 measures of HPV vaccine literacy than AAPI women. Both groups of undergraduate women reported that increasing age, knowledge about HPV, greater use of gynecological services, and knowing someone who had cancer were significant factors related to HPV vaccination completion. In the NLW group, father's income was also found to be a predictor of HPV vaccination completion. Conclusions: Rate and predictors of HPV vaccination completion vary between NLW and AAPI women. Greater promotion of HPV literacy and gynecological service use should be made to young AAPI women to increase their HPV uptake. Further research should examine sociocultural factors that could hinder or promote HPV vaccination in young AAPI women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)316-323
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of American College Health
Volume63
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 4 2015

Keywords

  • Andersen's behavioral model
  • Asian American and Pacific Islanders (AAPI)
  • HPV literacy
  • HPV vaccine
  • health disparity
  • human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • vaccination

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