Disentangling spin-orbit coupling and local magnetism in a quasi-two-dimensional electron system

Xinxin Cai, Yilikal Ayino, Jin Yue, Peng Xu, Bharat Jalan, Vlad Pribiag

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Quantum interference between time-reversed electron paths in two dimensions (2D) leads to the well-known weak localization correction to resistance. If spin-orbit coupling is present, the resistance correction is negative, termed weak antilocalization (WAL). Here, we report the observation of WAL coexisting with exchange coupling between itinerant electrons and localized magnetic moments. We use low-temperature magnetotransport measurements to investigate the quasi-two-dimensional, high-electron-density interface formed between SrTiO3 and the antiferromagnetic Mott insulator NdTiO3. As the magnetic field angle is gradually tilted away from the sample normal, the data reveal the interplay between strong k-cubic Rashba-type spin-orbit coupling and a substantial magnetic exchange interaction from local magnetic regions. The resulting quantum corrections to the conduction are in excellent agreement with existing models and allow sensitive determination of the small magnetic moments (22μB on average), their magnetic anisotropy, and mutual coupling strength. This effect is expected to arise in other 2D magnetic materials systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number081402
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 7 2019

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© 2019 American Physical Society.

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