Disease risk analysis: A tool for primate conservation planning and decision making

D. A. Travis, L. Hungerford, G. A. Engel, L. Jones-Engel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Concern about emerging and re-emerging diseases plays an increasing role in conservation and management of both captive and free-ranging nonhuman primates (NHPs). Managers and policy makers must formulate conservation plans in an arena plagued by uncertainty, complexity, emotion, and politics. The risk analysis paradigm provides a framework that brings together scientists and policy experts to make better decisions for both people and animals. Risk analysis is a multidisciplinary, science-based process that provides an organized and logical approach for incorporating scientific information into policy development in the real world. By blending four specific goal-oriented stages-hazard identification, risk assessment, risk management, and risk communication-one can logically assess the probability that an adverse event, such as the introduction of an emerging disease into a naïve population, will occur. The following is a review of this process as it pertains to NHP conservation and risks associated with infectious diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)855-867
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican journal of primatology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2006


  • Disease risk
  • Health risk
  • Nonhuman primate
  • Risk analysis
  • Risk assessment
  • Risk management


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