Discriminant validity of the MMPI depression subtle (D-S) and depression obvious (D-O) scales

Christine Zalewski, Caroline T. Schatz, Irving I. Gottesman, David S. Nichols

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This study examined the relationship between diagnostic group membership (i.e., life-time depressed, n = 367; lifetime mixed psychiatric, n = 367; and nonpsychiatric, n = 367) and scores on the Wiener-Harmon Subtle-Obvious scales (Depression Subtle, D-S, and Depression Obvious, D-O) for the Depression (D) scale of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). Additionally, the impact of current versus past depressive symptomatology on D-S and DO scores was examined. As expected, D-O scores were significantly related to diagnostic group membership, with higher mean scores found in the depressed groups. However, D-S scores were either unrelated or inversely related to the presence or history of depression. The results are discussed in the context of current empirical literature and clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-319
Number of pages9
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1997


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