Direct nanoimprinting of single crystalline gold: Experiments and dislocation dynamics simulations

J. Zhang, Y. Zhang, N. A. Mara, J. Lou, L. Nicola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


This paper addresses the feasibility of direct nanoimprinting and highlights the challenges involved in this technique. Our study focuses on experimental work supported by dislocation dynamics simulations. A gold single crystal is imprinted by a tungsten indenter patterned with parallel lines of various spacings. Dedicated dislocation dynamics simulations give insight in the plastic deformation occurring into the crystal during imprinting. We find that good pattern transfer is achieved when the lines are sufficiently spaced such that dislocation activity can be effective in assisting deformation of the region underneath each line. Yet, the edges of the obtained imprints are not smooth, partly due to dislocation glide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-307
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Surface Science
StatePublished - Jan 30 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
L.N. is grateful to the Dutch National Scientific Foundation NWO and Dutch Technology Foundation STW for their financial support (VENI grant 08120). J.L. gratefully acknowledges the financial support by the Air Force Office of Sponsored Research (AFOSR) YIP award FA9550-09-1-0084 and by NSF grant DMR-1128818 . This work was performed, in part, at the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies, an Office of Science User Facility operated for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science. Los Alamos National Laboratory, an affirmative action equal opportunity employer, is operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC, for the National Nuclear Security Administration of the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC52-06NA25396.


  • Dislocation dynamics simulations
  • Experiments
  • Nanoimprinting


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