Direct and conceptual replications of the taxometric analysis of Type A Behavior

Michael P. Wilmot, Nick Haslam, Jingyuan Tian, Deniz S Ones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present direct and conceptual replications of the influential taxometric analysis of Type A Behavior (TAB; Strube, 1989), which reported evidence for the latent typology of the construct. Study 1, the direct replication (N = 2,373), duplicated sampling and methodological procedures of the original study, but results showed that the item indicators used in the original study lacked sufficient validity to unambiguously determine latent structure. Using improved factorial subscale indicators to further test the question, multiple taxometric procedures, in combination with parallel analyses of simulated data, failed to replicate the original typological finding. Study 2, the conceptual replication, tested the latent structure of the wider construct of TAB using the sample from the Caerphilly Prospective Study (N = 2,254), which contains responses to the three most widely used self-report measures of TAB: the Jenkins Activity Survey, Bortner scale, and Framingham scale. Factorial subscale indicators were derived from the measures and submitted to multiple taxometric procedures. Results of Study 2 converged with those of Study 1, providing clear evidence of latent dimensional structure. Overall, results suggest there is no evidence for the type in TAB. Findings imply that theoretical models of TAB, assessment practices, and data analytic procedures that assume a typology should be replaced by dimensional models, factorial subscale measures, and corresponding statistical approaches. Specific subscale measures that tap multiple Big Five trait domains, and show evidence of predictive utility, are also recommended.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e12-e26
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Volume116
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Categories and dimensions
  • Personality structure
  • Replication
  • Taxometrics
  • Type A Behavior

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Direct and conceptual replications of the taxometric analysis of Type A Behavior'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this